The psoas (pronounced SO-az) is the most significant player in a group of muscles called the hip flexors: together they contract to pull the thigh and the torso toward each other. They also provide stability to your lower back, pelvis, and hips.
Knee pain can be caused by a sudden injury, an overuse injury, or by an underlying condition, such as arthritis. Treatment will vary depending on the cause. Symptoms of knee injury can include pain, swelling, and stiffness.
With today's increasingly active society, the number of knee problems is increasing. Knee pain has a wide variety of specific causes and treatments.
Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common condition that causes pain, numbness, and tingling in the hand and arm which is due to the compression of the median nerve as it travels through the wrist at the carpal tunnel.
Ankle sprains are common injuries that can result in long-term problems. Some people with repeated or severe sprains can develop lifelong joint pain and weakness. Treating a sprained ankle can help prevent ongoing ankle problems.
Grades of Ankle Sprains
After the examination, your doctor will determine the grade of your sprain to help develop a treatment plan. Sprains are graded based on how much damage has occurred to the ligaments.
Grade 1 Sprain (Mild)
Slight stretching and microscopic tearing of the ligament fibers
Mild tenderness and swelling around the ankle
In mild cases, you can expect full ligament healing within 2 to 3 weeks, but it will take at least six weeks for full scar tissue maturation.
Grade 2 Sprain (Moderate)
Partial tearing of the ligament
Moderate tenderness and swelling around the ankle
If the doctor moves the ankle in certain ways, there is an abnormal looseness of the ankle joint
In most cases, these injuries result in a recovery period of 4 to 6 weeks. With increasing injury severity, the rehabilitation process becomes more complex and extensive.
All Grade 2 injuries should be thoroughly rehabilitated to enable:
full range of motion and strength
full proprioception, power, and agility
full return to sport-specific drills
Grade 3 Sprain (Severe)
A complete tear of the ligament
Significant tenderness and swelling around the ankle
If the doctor pulls or pushes on the ankle joint in certain movements, substantial instability occurs
The rehabilitation of a Grade 3 ankle sprain normally takes 6 to 12 weeks but is quite variable depending on your specific injury. Your physiotherapist or surgeon will be able to provide you with more specific guidelines and advice.