free shipping this Week On order over $50
free shipping this Week On order over $50
How to Fix Temporomandibular Joint Disorders (TMD)

How to Fix Temporomandibular Joint Disorders (TMD)

The temporomandibular joint is a hinge that connects your jaw to the temporal bones of your skull, which are in front of each ear. It lets you move your jaw up and down and side to side, so you can talk, chew, and yawn.

Problems with your jaw and the muscles in your face that control it are known as temporomandibular disorders (TMD). But you may hear it wrongly called TMJ, after the joint.

TMJ disorders occur when something goes wrong with your jaw joints and jaw muscles. Oftentimes, this happens because of a jaw injury, inflammation such as with arthritis, or overuse.

TMJ disorders may cause mild to debilitating symptoms, such as:

  • Pain or tenderness of your jaw
  • Pain in one or both of the temporomandibular joints
  • Aching pain in and around your ear
  • Difficulty chewing or pain while chewing
  • Aching facial pain
  • Locking of the joint, making it difficult to open or close your mouth

TMJ disorders can also cause a clicking sound or grating sensation when you open your mouth or chew. But if there's no pain or limitation of movement associated with your jaw clicking, you probably don't need treatment for a TMJ disorder.

TMJ exercises may relieve pain. These exercises help with

  • strengthen jaw muscles
  • stretch the jaw
  • relax the jaw
  • increase jaw mobility
  • reduce jaw clicking
  • promote jaw healing

According to one 2010 study published in the Journal of Dental Research, performing TMJ exercises increases mouth opening range more than using a mouth guard in people with TMJ disc displacement.

Jaw Release by @powerthroughmotion

  •  Lightly press on these muscles, do not press hard or you can increase the risk of damaging the muscle.
  • If you plan on massaging or just putting constant pressure make sure you only perform this for 1-3 mins
  • You can perform this a couple times a day but make sure there is a time gap in between.

 JAW TENSION Rehab by @deathofthedesk

 Give this simple Jaw mobility exercise a try:

  1. Lateral Glides
  2. Front and Back Glides
  3. Full Circle Glides

Directions:

  • Lengthen up tall.
  • Remove jaw right to left.
  • Keeping the speed the same pace the whole time.
  • Move jar front to back keeping this with the same pace the whole time.
  • Move jar front side back side keeping the same pace of all time.

 TMJ SELF RELEASE OUT by @will_mcs

 Sound on!

  1. When placing your hand on your forehead your thumbs should be at the perfect distance to massage the temple.
  2. Make sure the temple and jaw are relaxed the whole time
  3. Post-release mobilize the jaw by opening wide and closing a few times.

Meeting with a physio for TMJ Rehab by @Physiotherabeat

 

 Sometimes jaw issues can contribute to headaches too

  1. Release tight muscles related to jaw movement impairment
  2. Access jaw muscles/joint from oral cavity if necessary
  3. Increase jaw movement awareness

Risk factors that may increase the risk of developing TMJ disorders include:

  • Various types of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis
  • Jaw injury
  • Long-term (chronic) grinding or clenching of teeth
  • Certain connective tissue diseases that cause problems that may affect the temporomandibular joint

Managing your TMJ pain
Taking ibuprofen and acetaminophen may help relieve TMJ pain. A pharmacist may prescribe you some Muscle relaxers if the pain is too severe.

Doctors may also recommend:

  • mouth guards to prevent teeth grinding and jaw clenching
  • putting a warm towel on the jaw
  • ice-ing for no more than 15 minutes per hour and not directly on the skin
  • stress-relief techniques to help prevent behaviors that cause jaw tension
  • Alternatively, acupuncture can be done to relieve pressure in the affected area

Final Note

Symptoms of TMJ syndrome tend to be episodic and related to stress and lifestyle.
Prevention of TMJ syndrome symptoms can often be achieved using self-care at home

  • eat a soft diet to allow the TMJ to relax
  • avoid chewing gum
  • avoid biting your nails
  • avoid biting your lower lip
  • practice good posture

Always consult your doctor, If the pain isn’t tolerable, You should do TMJ exercises when you’re relaxed. If you do them when your muscles are tense, it may defeat the purpose. When doing TMJ exercises, start slowly. You may feel some pain at first, but it should be tolerable and gradually improve.

If your pain worsens after doing TMJ exercises, make an appointment with your doctor.

Thank You for Reading and Supporting Physiotherapytool.com.

If you enjoy our content do check out our rehab webstore.

Reference

Temporomandibular disorders, dental care and you. (2019, Feb 1)
tmj.org/site/page?pageId=332

Mayo Clinic Staff. (2019, Jan 21). TMJ disorders: Overview mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tmj/home/ovc-20209398

Mayo Clinic Staff. (2019, Jan 21). TMJ disorders: Treatment
mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tmj/diagnosis-treatment/treatment/txc-20209408

Mayo Clinic Staff. (2019, Jan 21). TMJ disorders: Symptoms and causes
mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tmj/symptoms-causes/dxc-20209401

 


Write a comment

Please note, comments must be approved before they are published

Comment are moderated